Institute of Animal Nutrition (IAN) was established by Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University and started functioning from April 1982 at Post Graduate Research Institute in Animal Sciences campus, Kattupakkam. IAN is situated 45 km south of Chennai on Grand South Trunk Road.
Identification of novel unconventional feeds and development of technology for feeding livestock.
To increase the feed efficiency in grazing animals through strategic supplementation and rumen manipulations.
Development of feeding strategy to sustain livestock during natural calamities.
Manipulation of dietary management for developing value added animal products/ functional foods for human beings.
Evaluation of newly released fodder crops in ruminants.
Formulation and evaluation of low cost complete rations.
Production and Supply of TANUVAS SMART Mineral mixture to the dairy farmers
Production and Supply of Mineralized Salt Lick to the needy farmers
Establishment of fodder bank.
Establishment of fodder seed production unit.
To evaluate feed or fodder to ascertain their quality.
SCHEMES AND PROJECTS
A). TANUVAS State Expenditure - Institute of Animal Nutrition
B). Externally funded schemes
ICAR- AICRP on Agroforestry
TANUVAS - Tamil Nadu Irrigated Agriculture Modernization Project on “Sensitizing farmers on “nutritional supplemental strategy” developed at TANUVAS to increase productivity in dairy cattle and mitigate methane emission”
International Atomic Energy Agency funded scheme on “Agrisilvipasture systems integrated with livestock farming - a critical analysis of pros and cons in terms of C and N sequestration; N2O emission and cattle enteric methane emission and mitigation practices”.
National Agriculture Development Project on “Revitalising Dairy Cattle through TANUVAS GRAND Supplement to enhance the Productivity and Profitability”.
National Livestock Mission funded scheme on “Establishment of Extruded Feed Manufacturing Units to facilitate Utilisation of Distillers Grain along with other By-products for Profitable Dairy Farming”.
SLURB project on “Upscaling of Homestead based multitier model: A Catalyst for Food and Fodder Self-Sufficiency during post COVID situation”.
C). TANUVAS Self-financing schemes
SFS on TANUVAS SMART Mineral Mixture Production Centre at IAN, Kattupakkam
SFS on Setting up of Mineralized salt lick production unit
Agroforestry models established at Institute of Animal Nutrition acts as a knowledge park for farmers and students for their adoption and further propagation.
Value added tree fodder products like tree leaf meal, tree fodder blocks, extruded feed using tree fodders were prepared and propagated among farmers for their adoption during various trainings / workshops.
Biomass yield and carrying capacity to hold different livestock species under various agroforestry models were arrived with different fodder crops to augment fodder production and productivity in animals.
Urea treated Complete feed block has been prepared for economic feeding of low yielding animals.
New fodder varieties such as Bajra – Napier hybrid grass Co(BN)5, Fodder Sorghum Co31 and Fodder Cowpea Co(FC)8 were evaluated for ruminants.
Unconventional feed resources like Samai, Varagu, Soybean hulls, Mango-peel waste, Tapioca thippi and animal organic wastes were evaluated for ruminants.
Top feed resources like Subabul (Leucaena leucocephala), Vagai (Albizzia lebbek), Peepal (Ficus religiosa), Banyan (Ficus bengalensis), Gliricidia sepium, Othiyan (Lannea coromadelica), Jack (Artocarpus heterophyllus) and Indian cork (Millingtonia hortensis) tree leaves were evaluated for dairy animals and small ruminants.
TEACHING AND TRAINING
Training to under graduate students during their internship programme.
The research scholars from MVC of TANUVAS utilize the facilities available at this institute to carry out their research work.
Training programme is offered on “Setting up of in vitro rumen fermentation laboratory and operation of RUSITEC” for a period of ten days to technicians/scientists/students, Training fees – Rs.10000/- + GST.
Trainings/seminar/ symposium organised
TNSCST sponsored farmer's workshop entitled "Popularising hydroponic fodder production technique for sustainable livestock production in the current climate change scenario of Tamil Nadu due to global warming" from 12.06.2019 to 14.06.2019.
Field Veterinarians from Animal Husbandary Department were given training regarding "Fodder production through agroforestry" on 29.01.2020 and 30.01.2020.
Training on salt lick production for TNIAMP scheme farmers was conducted on 04.02.2020 and 11.02.2020
National symposium on "Climate resilient agroforestry systems to augment livestock productivity ensuring environmental biodiversity" between 05.03.2020 and 06.03.2020.
International Webinar on "Climate smart livestock and poultry production through nutritional interventions" between 23.11.2020 and 24.11.2020
A state level e-seminar for farmers on "Strategies to alleviate fodder scarcity and augment livestock productivity" was conducted on 20.01.2021
National level e-symposium on "Agroforestry systems for augmenting livestock productivity and empowering resource poor rural farmers" between 10.03.2021 and 11.03.2021.
Institute mentored a farmer in receiving an “Innovative farmer award for Diversified Agriculture in SMART Summit 2021”.
AICRP on Agroforestry scientists awarded Second prize in the photography competition held on the theme of “Agroforestry” by Central Agroforestry Research Institute, Jhansi during 2021.
Supplied so far around 540.5 tons of TANUVAS SMART mineral mixture and 31.8 tons of Mineralized salt lick to the dairy farmers throughout Tamil Nadu.
Regular feed and fodder analysis through Quality control laboratory services.
Training programme is conducted on feed quality control analysis and RUSITEC to laboratory technical person.
Regular consultancy services to the needy farmers pertaining to the fodder cultivation, compound feed manufacturing and Feeding management of animals with locally available resources etc.,
Training programme to the needy farmers on fodder cultivation and preservation techniques, fodder seed production, Enriched paddy straw blocks, TANUVAS SMART mineral mixture production, mineralized salt lick production etc.,
Sale of green fodder, fodder seeds, fodder slips and fodder tree saplings.
Sale of TANUVAS SMART Mineral mixture to the needy farmers.
Sale of mineralized salt lick to the needy farmers.
Feed Analytical Services offered and their Charges/Products available at IAN
Bench fee for feed/fodder analysis in RUSITEC – Rs. 7500 + GST
Research on replacement of forage fibre with non-forage fibre sources (Brans, Fruit/ vegetable industry wastes, Distillery wastes) for ruminant livestock feeding.
Plant secondary metabolites as feed additives for ruminant livestock.
Formulation and preparation of more user-friendly complete feeds / total mixed rations for different physiological stages in different livestock species to serve the feeding of livestock during calamities / disasters.
Feed informatics - Mapping of agricultural wastes / agro industrial by-products of the state to formulate and produce region specific balanced rations and disseminating the same to the local livestock farmers.
Nutrient requirement / Feeding management studies for indigenous livestock species.
Development of designer livestock / poultry products through nutritional interventions.
Species and physiological status specific feed supplements / additives to improve production and reproduction performance of livestock and poultry.
Research on Precision livestock feeding - matching nutrient supply with nutrient requirements of individual animals.
Research on drug and toxic residues in feed ingredients so as to formulate residue free rations and to produce residue free egg, meat and milk.
Name and Designation
Dr. L. Radhakrishnan, Professor and Head
Dr. R. Murugeswari, Assistant Professor
Dr. S. Gunasekaran, Assistant Professor
Dr. M. Suganthi, Assistant Professor
Dr. P. Anuradha, Assistant Professor
The Professor and Head,
Institute of Animal Nutrition,
Kattupakkam - 603 203, Chengalpattu District