MECHERI SHEEP RESEARCH STATION (MSRS)

Pottaneri – 636 453, Mecheri Taluk, Salem District, Tamil Nadu

Genesis

The origin of this station could be linked to the implementation of an ICAR funded research scheme on "Studies on carcass characteristics of Mecheri and Mandya lambs" at Alamarathupatti village of Kolathur Block in Salem district from 12.02.1971. The Mecheri Sheep Research Station was started on 05.06.1978 at Pottaneri Panchayat of Mecheri Block in Salem district with the aim of improving the Mecheri sheep which was considered to be the best indigenous mutton breed of Tamil Nadu.

Objectives

  • To improve Mecheri breed of sheep by breeding and management.
  • Characterization, conservation, popularization and improvement of local sheep and goat breeds.
  • To distribute superior germplasm of sheep and goats to the farmers of the breeding tract to improve their flocks.
  • To study the management practices and formulation of strategies involved in profitable sheep and goat rearing under dry land-farming systems.
  • To popularize suitable package of practices among farmers for improved fodder production, development of fodder seed bank and supply of fodder inputs.

Location

This research station is situated in Salem –Mettur highway about 35 km west of Salem and 15 km east of Mettur at a longitude of 77° 56’E, latitude of 11° 45’N and altitude of about 650 feet above MSL. This station covers an area of 164.36 acres.

Agro-Climatic Condition

The soil profile of this area is loamy in the plain and rocky in the hills. The average annual rainfall is about 894 mm. The rainy season commences from July and continues till the end of November. The average maximum and minimum temperatures are 34.3°C and 21.9°C respectively.

Average monthly rainfall recorded at Mecheri Sheep Research Station, Pottaneri
Months

Average (1983 to 2017)

January 3.45
February 3.83
March 22.00
April 57.19
May 98.30
June 58.93
July 81.50
August 123.75
September 157.46
October 155.58
November 95.53
December 36.87
Annual Rainfall 894.38

Completed Research Projects: (2000 - 2014)

TITLE FUNDING AGENCY DURATION TOTAL COST (lakhs)
Survey, evaluation and characterization of Mecheri Sheep breed ICAR 1.04.2000 to 31.03.2002 11.73
Effect of neem (Azadirachta indica) feeding on reproductive and productive performance of Tellicherry ICAR 01.10.2002 to 31.09.2006 8.03
Establishment of modern Salem black goat unit and optimize the feeding standards for economical production in dry land tract. (Part – II Scheme) Government of Tamil Nadu 01.11.2011 to 31.12.2013 12.55
Popularizing model fodder seed bank at farmers field to augment fodder production (NADP Scheme) NADP-RKVY, Government of Tamil Nadu. 06.01.2012 19.45 (MSRS 6.082)
Improving Socio - Economic status of Scheduled tribes through backyard chicken rearing ICAR 23.11.2012
30.03.2013
25.02.2014
2.00
0.25
0.30
Soil and mineral mapping in farmers field and sensitizing them to improve biomass and to augment livestock productivity State Planning Commission, Tamil Nadu State Land Use Research Board, Government of Tamil Nadu, Chennai 16.05.2013 3.00 (0.15)
Soil- Fodder – Livestock Interface To Augment Productivity (Phase I) State Planning Commission, Tamil Nadu State Land Use Research Board, Government of Tamil Nadu, Chennai 2014 to 2015  
Central sector scheme on ‘Biotech centre for fecundity genes’ GOI – Integrated Development of Small Ruminants and Rabbits 21.05.2012 to 31.03.2016 19.99

Ongoing Research Projects

TITLE FUNDING AGENCY DATE OF START TOTAL COST (lakhs)
Mega sheep seed project Mecheri sheep ICAR - Central Sheep and Wool Research Station, Avikanagar, Rajasthan.
01.04.2009
269 lakh Continuing scheme
Revolving fund scheme on Commercial Salem Black goat rearing TANUVAS, Chennai-51 11.08.2016 70,000
Revolving fund scheme on Fattening of Mecheri Ram lambs TANUVAS, Chennai-51 30.03.2017 1,05,000
Establishment of Vermicomposting unit in MSRS TANUVAS, Chennai-51 30.03.2017 30,000
Revolving fund scheme on Fattening of Salem Black kids TANUVAS, Chennai-51 02.08.2017 80,000
ICAR - Veterinary type culture - Tribal sub plan Indian Council of Agricultural Research
01.04.2015
4.00

Different Units in Mecheri Sheep Research Station

  • Sheep unit
  • Goat unit
  • Pasture section
  • Model Fodder plot unit
  • Tree Nursery unit
  • Herbal Garden
  • Vermi-compost unit
  • Azolla unit
  • Model Vegetable Garden

Production Performance of Sheep and Goat at MSRS Pottaneri

BREED AVERAGE BODY WEIGHT (kg)
Birth (kg) 3 months (kg) 6 months (kg) Adult
Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female
Mecheri Sheep
2.55±0.033
2.44±0.04
12.90±0.26
11.52±0.25
16.62±0.31
13.77±0.32
26.05±1.29
20.80±1.05
Salem Black Goat
2.27±0.08
2.03±0.06
7.30±0.42
6.21±0.24
11.58±0.51
10.35±0.31
29.63±1.19
17.70±0.37

Extension Activities

  • Farmer’s training program: Organizing on campus and off training programmes to the farmers and livestock entrepreneurs on sheep and goat rearing.
  • Advisory services: Regular advice and consultancy services to farmers concerning the farm problems and establishment of pasture in sheep and goat rearing.
  • Technical assistance to entrepreneurs involved in sheep and goat farming.
  • Center for providing research facilities to post graduate students of the university.
  • Various aspects of livestock management practices and health related problems are broad casted in All India Radio, Trichy periodically.
  • Preparation and distribution of pamphlets and handouts on livestock farming to farmers.
  • Participation in mass contact programmes and various veterinary health and livestock shows organized by co-ordinating departments.

Post Graduate Research Work Undertaken at MSRS, Pottaneri

NAME
THESIS TITLE
YEAR
PhD - THESIS RESEARCH
Dr.K.Karunanithi Studies on cryopreservation of Ram Semen 1994
Dr.V.Jeichitra Genetic analysis of growth traits in Mecheri sheep 2006
Dr.G. Selvaraju Development of diseases forecasting system against diseases of small ruminants 2007
Dr.K.Arunachalam Epidemiology and metaphylaxis of subclinical coccidiosis in small ruminants 2007
Dr.D.Rajendran Optimising microbial protein synthesis through dietary manipulation in forage based diet of Mecheri Sheep 2007
Dr.A.Sudhakar Molecular Study on BMP-1B, IGFBHP-3 and POU-1F1 genes in Mecheri and Nilgiris Sheep 2007
D.Jayanthi Studies on growth performance, carcass characteristics and meat quality of Salem black goat

2012

Dr.D.Cauveri Genetic variability of growth hormone and Leptin gene and their association with growth traits in sheep breeds of Tamilnadu 2013
Dr.R.Chitra Polymorphism of IGF-1,BMP and CAST genes and their association with growth traits in Madras Red and Mecheri sheep 2013
MVSc - THESIS RESEARCH
Dr.R.Selvakumar Effect of Supplementation of protein and growth promoter on growing lambs on slatted floor 2003
Dr.R.Karthick Effect of herbal feed supplementation on the performance of grazing lambs
2010
Dr.S.Rajasokkappan Epidemiology and metaphylaxis of subclinical coccidiosis in small ruminants
2010
Dr.C.Balan Statistical modelling of growth performance in Mecheri sheep 2014
Dr.R.Santhoshkumar Early weaning performances in Mecheri sheep 2017
Dr.S.Senthilmuthukumararn Impact assessment of Mega Sheep Seed Project 2017
MSc - THESIS RESEARCH
M.Mohanasundari Studies on Biochemical profiles of Malabari goats in relation with age and sex 2001
M.Rameshkumar Influence of Age and Sex on Biochemical profile of Mecheri Sheep 2001

Faculty

  1. Dr. A.K.Thiruvenkadan, Professor and Head| thiruvenkadan.a.k@tanuvas.ac.in | Mobile: +91 – 9443565565
  2. Dr. J.Muralidharan, Professor | muralidharan.j@ tanuvas.ac.in | Mobile: +91-9443517695
  3. Dr. L.Arun, Assistant Professor | arun.l@tanuvas.ac.in | Mobile: +91 – 9047765217
  4. Dr. V.Sankar, Assistant Professor | sankar.v@tanuvas.ac.in | Mobile: +91 – 9585689018
  5. Dr. P.Senthilkumar, Assistant Professor | senthilkumar.p@tanuvas.ac.in | Mobile: +91 – 9943936811
  6. Dr. P.Nalini, Assistant Professor | aishvet@gmail.com| Mobile: +91 - 9786453279

Contact

The Professor and Head,
Mecheri Sheep Research Station,
Pottaneri – 636 453,
Salem District.
Phone: +91-4298 - 262023
e-mail: msrs@tanuvas.org.in
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